ashford phi 208 week 1 quiz must guarantee 100%

Ashford 2 : – Week 1 – Quiz

Question 1. 1. Kass argues that there is an important difference between withdrawing treatment and active, direct mercy killing, and this difference lies in the (Points : 1)

       primary intention of the doctor.

       ultimate outcome of the actions.

       Constitution of the United States.

       sympathy that we feel for the patient’s suffering.

Question 2. 2. Midgely concludes that (Points : 1)

       If we accept a value in another culture, we can still reject that value in our culture.

       If we accept a value in another culture, we must accept that value in our culture.

       If we reject a value in another culture, we must reject that value in our culture.

       B and C.

Question 3. 3. What is palliative care? (Points : 1)

       Treatments that relieve suffering for people in life threatening situations that allow them to live their lives to the fullest.

       Treatments that are only provided in Canada.

       Treatments that heal people when they face life-threatening illnesses.

       Treatments that involve painful processes that help to kill cancer and other diseases.

Question 4. 4. According to Rachels, the case of Smith and Jones shows that: (Points : 1)

       killing is intrinsically worse than letting die.

       there is no intrinsic moral difference between killing and letting die.

       letting die is morally worse than killing.

       it is never permissible either to let someone die or to kill them.

Question 5. 5. According to Rachels, many people accept the conventional doctrine because they believe: (Points : 1)

       killing is intrinsically worse than letting die.

       there is no intrinsic moral difference between killing and letting die.

       letting die is morally worse than killing.

       it is never permissible either to let someone die or to kill them.

Question 6. 6. Rachels claims that once it has been decided that euthanasia is desirable in a case: (Points : 1)

       a moral error has already been made.

       it has been decided that death is no greater an evil than the patient’s continued existence.

       it has been decided that the patient does not have a right to life.

       the amount of suffering of the patient becomes irrelevant.

Question 7. 7. In 2003, how many people died in Canada, according to the video “Dying for Care: Quality Palliative and End of Life Care in Canada”? (Points : 1)


       2.2 million



Question 8. 8. Rachels claims that when infants with Down’s syndrome are denied necessary operations, this is typically because: (Points : 1)

       the infants have Down’s syndrome.

       the surgery would be too expensive.

       the surgery would be too risky.

       all of the above.

Question 9. 9. Why is it hard for physicians to understand palliative care? (Points : 1)

       They do not care about their patients enough.

       They are well-educated in palliative care.

       They did not pay attention in medical school.

       They are focused on healing rather than helping die.

Question 10. 10. According to Rachels, active euthanasia involves: (Points : 1)

       the intentional termination of one’s life by another person, to relieve pain and suffering.

       ceasing to use “extraordinary means” to prolong someone’s life.

       intentionally causing a patient’s death, against the patient’s wishes.

       the refusal to treat a patient to avoid incurring unnecessary costs.

Question 11. 11. Rachels argues that the conventional doctrine: (Points : 1)

       is self-evidently correct.

       is not what most people believe, but can be supported by strong arguments.

       leads to decisions concerning life and death made on morally irrelevant grounds.

       leads to patients being euthanized against their will.

Question 12. 12. According to Midgley, moral isolationism (Points : 1)

       Is a “perverse indulgence of the self-righteous.”

       Is based on skeptical diagnosis.

       Stems from concerns about hypocrisy.

       Justifies immorality.

Question 13. 13. Leon Kass argues that legalizing euthanasia will: (Points : 1)

       lead to a breakdown of trust in the doctor-patient relationship.

       lead to patients feeling coerced into opting for euthanasia.

       lead to a decline in the use of palliative care.

       all of the above.

Question 14. 14. According to the videos, in which is it legal to commit assisted suicide? (Points : 1)





Question 15. 15. Glaukon thinks that deep in our hearts we all believe that (Points : 1)

       Injustice is more profitable than justice.

       We will have a clearer conscience if we always stick to the laws of justice.

       To be unjust is to be a fool.

       Both B and C.

Question 16. 16. Rachels concludes that: (Points : 1)

       active euthanasia is always worse than passive euthanasia.

       passive euthanasia is always worse than active euthanasia.

       active euthanasia is always morally permissible.

       none of the above.

Question 17. 17. James Rachels points out that when passive euthanasia is employed on infants, they typically die of: (Points : 1)




       dehydration and infection.

Question 18. 18. If Midgley is correct, moral scepticism (Points : 1)

       Leads to inaction.

       Leads to crude opinions.

       Leads to immorality.

       Rejects all criticism.

Question 19. 19. In the excerpt from Plato’s Republic, Glaukon suggests that people are good (Points : 1)

       only because they are powerless to commit injustice and get away with it.

       because their conscience tells them to be.

       out of reverence for the law.

       because living justly is objectively the best sort of life.

Question 20. 20. According to Rachels, the “conventional doctrine” maintains that: (Points : 1)

       active euthanasia is sometimes permissible, but passive euthanasia never is.

       passive euthanasia is sometimes permissible, but active euthanasia never is.

       both active and passive euthanasia are sometimes permissible.

       neither active nor passive euthanasia are ever permissible.

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