Advocates of the community policing approach believe in focusing only on the most serious crimes. true b. false Q2. The underlying source of…

Q1. Advocates of the community policing approach believe in focusing only on the most serious crimes.
Q2. The underlying source of American law is the common law of England.
Q3. The community policing model argues that it is easy to improve the percentage of crimes solved.
Q4. According to the courts, accidents occur when there is no mens rea.
Q5. The Bill of Rights has been completely incorporated and applied to the states.
Q6. In Robinson v. California (1962), the Supreme Court struck down a law that made it a crime to be addicted to drugs.
Q7. When people break the law in order to save themselves or prevent a greater harm, they will likely use this defense in court:
a. self-defense
b. entrapment
c. necessity
d. duress
e. insanity
Q8. When calls for service are the main instigators of police action, this is called
a. clearance rate policing
b. line function policing
c. proactive policing
d. preventive policing
e. incident-driven policing
Q9. Police officers only need formal training to understand the aspects of their job.
Q10. Which amendment contains the warrant clause?
a. First
b. Second
c. Third
d. Fourth
e. Fifth
Q11. An occupational environment affects the way a person interprets reality.
Q12. When police arrest subway fare beaters, loiterers, and panhandlers, they are focusing on
a. quality-of-life crimes
b. quantity-of-arrest crimes
c. common law crimes
d. mens rea crimes
e. felonies
Q13. Which Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court led a legal revolution that expanded the constitutional rights of criminal defendants?
a. Rehnquist
b. Marshall
c. Taney
d. Warren
e. Taft
Q14. Police officers have considerable discretion.
Q15. The due process and equal protection clauses are found in the Fourteenth Amendment.
Q16. Police policy regarding domestic violence has changed as a result of lawsuits filed against police departments by injured women.
Q17. The right to a fair trial is found in the
a. Third Amendment
b. Fourth Amendment
c. Fifth Amendment
d. Sixth Amendment
e. Seventh Amendment
Q18. Today, police officers have more formal education than their predecessors
Q19. Criminal and civil proceedings may arise from the same crime.
Q20. Which police unit identifies, apprehends, and collects evidence against lawbreakers?
a. traffic
b. investigation
c. media relations
d. administrative
e. computer services
Q21. Which of the following is a vice offense?
a. assault
b. traffic violations
c. arson
d. auto theft
e. prostitution
Q22. The privilege against self-incrimination is found in the
Q23. The definitions of crimes and people eligible for punishment are spelled out in
a. procedural criminal law
b. substantive criminal law
c. constitutional criminal law
d. fundamental criminal law
e. administrative criminal law
Q24. Entrapment cannot be used as a defense in a criminal trial.
Q25. Which of the following is an example of a proactive strategy to combat crime?
a. responding to citizen calls for service
b. Using a stakeout in victimless crimes
c. responding to citizens who approach an officer
d. responding to a crime after the perpetrator has fled
Q26. In their article entitled ‘Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety,’ James Q. Wilson and George Kelling argued that police should work more on
a. the most significant problems such as catching violent repeat offenders in the act
b. the little problems such as maintaining order
c. ending corruption within the police force
d. being more involved with local political leaders
e. using the newest technologies to catch criminals
Q27. Federal law enforcement agencies in the United States are part of the legislative branch.
Q28. The political policing era relied heavily on patronage.
Q29. The watchman style of policing stresses order maintenance.
Q30. The nature of police work can make officers very suspicious of citizens whom they encounter.
Q31. Police officers are expected to obey rules and respect superiors.
Q32. A person could be punished for killing a pigeon if a state legislature passed a law against killing pigeons on the day after the pigeon was killed.
Q33. Laws regulating disorderly conduct deal with clear-cut situations.
Q34. Police functions that directly involve field operations such as patrol and investigation are called
a. line functions
b. staff functions
c. sworn functions
d. preventive functions
e. bureaucratic functions
Q35. Which amendment protects privacy by barring unreasonable searches by police?
a. Third
b. Fourth
c. Fifth
d. Sixth
e. Seventh
Q36. The elements of a crime consist of
a. actus reus, inchoate defense, and concurrence
b. mens rea, inchoate defense, and punishment
c. attendant circumstances, mens rea, and actus reus
d. actus reus, causation, and inchoate defense
e. mens rea, inchoate defense, and legality
Q37. The police can enforce every law and catch every lawbreaker if they have the resources.
Q38. The political era of policing was characterized by
a. civil service selection of officers
b. the introduction of automobile patrol and two-way radios
c. hiring of officers through connections to elected officials
d. urban riots
e. equal opportunity for minority officers
Q39. A police function that is a broad mandate to prevent behavior that disturbs the peace or involves face-to-face conflict is called
a. law enforcement
b. order maintenance
c. service
d. departmental
e. community action
Q40. The phrase that distinguishes murder from nonnegligent manslaughter is
a. parens patriae
b. mala prohibita
c. in re: Gault
d. habeas corpus
e. malice aforethought
Q41. According to the Sixth Amendment, a jury must be
a. of the same race as the defendant
b. sympathetic to the defendant
c. well educated, to understand the proceedings
d. created from a representative pool of the community
e. seated at least two weeks before the start of a trial
Q42. The double jeopardy clause is found in the
Q43. Laws and rules made by federal, state, and local agencies are called
a. case law
b. precedent
c. administrative regulations
d. common law
e. mens rea
Q44. One important component of community policing is
a. reactive policing
b. fast 911 response time
c. problem solving
d. crime control
e. criminal investigation
Q45. An act can be deemed criminal if it could eventually lead to harm that the law seeks to prevent. This is called a(n)
b. inchoate offense
c. defamation
e. concurrence
Q46. The process in which members learn the symbols, beliefs, and values of a group is called
a. working personality
b. spiritualization
c. socialization
d. isolation
e. internal affairs
Q47. Which historical era was influenced by the Progressives?
a. The Political Era
b. The Professional Era
c. The Community Policing Era
d. The Reform Era
e. The Federalist Era
Q48. The recognition that the control of crime cannot rest solely with the police illustrates the idea of
a. police abuse of power
b. community crime prevention
c. negative attitudes toward police
d. the increased role of victims in crime prevention
e. police neglect of their duties
Q49. In 1285 England, what group of people developed a system whereby people within each community were chosen to apprehend criminals?
a. Fielding Amendment
b. Metropolitan Police Act
c. Parish-Constable watch system
d. Progressives
e. Magna Carta
Q50. The police system of the national government of France is more centralized than its counterpart in the United States.
b. false

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